Archive for June, 2008

Low Carb, Mediterranean, and Low Fat diet results.


The study conductor(s)top
Investigator: Dr. Meir Stampfer, (co-chair of Brigham and Women’s Hospital’s Channing Laboratory in Boston, Mass.); Researchers: various individuals at Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel.
The participant(s)top
322 obese adults
Date study concludedtop
June 1, 2008
Funded bytop
Ben-Gurion University of the Negev in Israel
Purposetop

To determine which diet (if any) provides the best health benefits coupled with weight (fat) loss in obese people.

Summarytop

Individuals on a low-carb diest lost 12 pounds, those on a Mediterranean diet lost 10 lbs, and those on a low-fat diet lost 7 pounds.

Methods usedtop

Individuals were split up and placed on three different diet regimens for two years: a low-carb diet, a low-fat diet, and a Mediterranean diet. Their weight and health readings (cholesterol, blood sugar/a1c) were sampled before and after the study. The low-carb diet was less than 40 grams of carbohydrates per day, the Mediterranean diet consisted of high levels of vegetables, fruit, fish and poultry, medium levels of whole grains, low levels of red meat and dairy, and very low levels of sugar. The low-fat diet was 30% of calories from fat, as recommended by the America Heart Association.

Resultstop

The highest weight loss was seen with the low-carb diet (12 lbs), and then in the Mediterranean diet (10 lbs), and lastly in the low-fat diet (7 lbs). Researchers found that a low-fat diet also bestowed the least health benefits on the dieters compared with the Mediterranean and low-carb diets. Those on the Mediterranean diet were most likely to have improvements in blood sugar levels, while those on the low carb diet had the most improvement in cholesterol levels.

Notestop
  • Rather than a traditional low-fat diet which designates that only 10 percent of calories should be derived from fat — researchers assigned subjects in the low-fat diet group to a plan based on the American Heart Association guidelines, which derives 30 percent of its calories from fat.
External Sourcestop
http://abcnews.go.com/Health/Diet/story?id=5389423&page=1
APA Citation(s)top
Low Carb, Mediterranean, and Low Fat diet results.. (2008).
   Retrieved October 23, 2017, from Public Studies Web site:
   http://www.publicstudies.com/main/2008/06/low-carb-med/
MLA Citation(s)top
“Low Carb, Mediterranean, and Low Fat diet results.”
   Public Studies. 1 June 2008.
   October 23, 2017. <http://www.publicstudies.com/main/2008/06/low-carb-med/>.